Overview of the state of the chemical industry in the countries – leaders of the industry in Europe. The system of functioning of the main chemical industries. How chemical industrial parks work in Germany and France. The main enterprises of the chemical industry in Italy. Specialization of European regions in chemical production.
German chemical industry
Chemical parks in Germany
Chemical production in France
In our last article we gave a general overview of the European chemical industry and described the main scenarios for the industry in the EU. We found out what risks and challenges are facing European producers and how the reorientation of production regions and product supply chains is carried out.
In this new material we will look in more detail at the differences in chemical production in the key EU countries: Germany, France and Italy. How the system of chemical clusters is organized in each case, what support measures exist for the industry.
In this article you can find an overview of the state of chemical industrial parks in China and compare it with the European experience.
The German chemical industry is traditionally strong in all segments: basic inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, polymers, agrochemicals, specialty chemicals, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. The chemical and pharmaceutical industry is the third largest industry in Germany after the automotive industry, with a turnover of 184.7 billion euros in 2016.
The German chemical industry is projected to grow at an annual rate of 1.5% until 2030. A planned increase in the R&D budget (Research & Development) in the chemical industry is expected. For example, in 2013 the total R&D budget was 10 billion euros, it is expected that in 10 years it will grow to 16.5 billion.
The main industrial chemical facilities are interconnected by a system of pipelines that pump raw materials: propylene, ethylene, crude oil and others. 13 refineries and eight steam cracking plants supply the German chemical industry with everything it needs to produce organic chemicals.
Pipeline networks in the German chemical industry
A diversified structure provides a stable oil supply base for the German chemical industry. Germany receives oil from Africa via the Mediterranean Sea, the North Sea; from Russia via pipelines. The supply structure to the chemical parks is complemented by pipelines for ethylene and propylene. The chemical parks are also connected to a network of pipelines that supply natural gas, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and technical gases.
The German chemical industry is Europe’s number one and the fourth largest in the world. There are around 40 German chemical parks in the center of Europe. They offer exceptional conditions for investors, and chemical companies there can focus entirely on production: infrastructure, water and electricity supply, industrial safety, and waste management are all handled by the operators.
German Chemical Parks
According to Chemanager’s article “The Chemical and Life Sciences Market,” most chemical parks in Germany are organized into five “chemical regions” that are evenly dispersed throughout the country. The regions are similar in terms of industrial specialization and chemical park residents, but differ in terms of geography and proximity to major distribution networks.
The network of Central German chemical companies – the Central European Chemical Network (CeChemNet) – comprises six sites in the cities of Bitterfeld, Leuna, Schkopau, Böhlen, Zeitz and Schwarzheide. These cities lie in the three eastern federal states of Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Brandenburg. CeChemNet partners are InfraLeuna, P-D ChemiePark Bitterfeld-Wolfen, Dow Olefinverbund, Infra-Zeitz Servicegesellschaft and BASF Schwarzheide.
The region’s parks include 600 companies employing about 27,000 people. Chemical companies and chemical park operators in the CeChemNet network share raw materials in Central Germany’s “chemical triangle” and facilitate the transfer of information between chemical companies.
The CeChemNet initiative coordinates data exchanges between industry, research organizations and authorities, and supports chemical park activities in cooperation with investment and marketing agencies on a national level.
Located directly on the Baltic Sea, ChemCoast is supported by the state governments of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein to strengthen the sustainability and economic strength of the North German chemical companies in Brunsbüttel, Seelze, Stade, Walsrode and Wilhelmshaven.
Brunsbüttel, Stade and Wilhelmshaven have direct access to international shipping routes. The direct delivery route from Brunsbüttel leads through Kiel